Tuesday, March 22, 2011
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Human traffickers use force, fraud and coercion to essentially enslave their victims and compel them to work against their will for little or no pay, Attorney General Abbott said. By continuing to foster cooperation among law enforcement agencies at all levels, Texas will become increasingly hostile territory for human traffickers. As authors of legislation that will give vital new tools to law enforcement, Sen. Van de Putte and Rep. Thompson with support from Gov. Perry are leading the charge against human trafficking in the State of Texas.
The 2011 Texas Human Trafficking Prevention Task Force Report was published by the Attorney General’s Office on behalf of the task force and its 47 members. In addition to informing the legislature about the nature and scope of human trafficking in the State of Texas, the task force’s 2011 report contained recommendations for the 82nd Legislature. Pursuant to those recommendations, SB 24 and HB 7 propose to create legally distinct definitions of sex trafficking and labor trafficking. Compelling prostitution of a child would be punishable as a first-degree felony and be added to the list of 3g offenses.
Under both bills, human trafficking offenses would be added to the list of crimes for which a life sentence is automatic upon subsequent conviction. The legislative proposals would also require an offender who is convicted of sex trafficking to register in the Texas Sex Offender Registry.
The lawmakers’ proposed legislation would also offer greater protections for children who fall prey to human traffickers. Under both bills, the parent or guardian of a child human trafficking victim would be authorized to seek a protective order against their child’s trafficker. The legislative package would also allow courts to treat child victims in sex trafficking cases in a manner consistent with their treatment in sexual assault cases. Judges would also be given discretion to order that convicted human traffickers serve consecutive rather than cumulative prison sentences.
During their joint appearance in Houston, Attorney General Abbott, Gov. Perry, Sen. Van de Putte and Rep. Thompson explained why human trafficking prevention requires a cooperative approach by all levels of law enforcement, prosecutors and victim advocacy groups. An example of a coordinated effort is the North Texas Trafficking Task Force (NTTF) a joint initiative that included the Attorney General’s Special Investigations Unit, state and federal law enforcement agencies, and six North Texas police departments. The NTTF recently completed successful undercover operations during the 2011 Super Bowl that resulted in 133 arrests.
Attorney General Abbott noted that a collaborative approach to prosecution helps prevent human trafficking. In a Houston case that was jointly prosecuted by the Attorney General’s Office and the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Texas, a federal jury convicted a human trafficker of forcing young females to engage in unpaid prostitution and sentenced him to almost 34 years in prison. This spring, the Attorney General’s Office will assist the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Houston with another domestic sex trafficking case. According to investigators, six defendants transported women and children from Texas to other states, where they were coerced into prostitution.
Attorney General Abbott also emphasized the Texas Human Trafficking Prevention Task Force’s ongoing efforts to identify, investigate and prosecute trafficking cases statewide. Recently, a joint investigation by task force members determined that a woman and her three children were trapped in a forced-labor situation after they were smuggled into El Paso through a tunnel under the U.S.-Mexico border. Two of the smugglers were identified and indicted on trafficking charges.
The Texas Legislature created the Human Trafficking Prevention Task Force under HB 4009 during the 81st Legislative Session. The legislation by Sen. Van de Putte and Rep. Randy Weber established a statewide task force of law enforcement officials and crime victim services personnel who serve on the frontline of the state’s battle against human trafficking. In August 2010, the Governor’s Office awarded the Office of the Attorney General and the Human Trafficking Prevention Task Force $291,000 to fund a financial analyst, a peace officer and a prosecutor to assist in the identification, investigation, and prosecution of human trafficking cases statewide. All three positions have been filled and are currently participating in anti-trafficking efforts.
For more information about the Office of the Attorney General’s battle against human trafficking, see a copy of the 2011 Texas Human Trafficking Prevention Task Force Report and visit the agency’s website at www.texasattorneygeneral.gov.