|Office of the Attorney General - State of Texas
January 5, 2000
Ms. Myra A. McDaniel
Dear Ms. McDaniel:
You ask whether certain information is subject to required public disclosure under chapter 552 of the Government Code. Your request was assigned ID# 131256.
The Austin Community College Police Department (the "department") received a request for an incident report. You claim that the requested information is excepted from disclosure under sections 552.101, 552.108, and 552.131 of the Government Code. We have considered the exceptions you claim and reviewed the submitted documents.
You claim that the incident report and the witness statements are excepted from disclosure under 552.108(a)(1) of the Government Code. Section 552.108(a)(1) excepts from disclosure information held by a law enforcement agency or prosecutor that deals with the detection, investigation, or prosecution of crime if release of the information would interfere with the detection, investigation, or prosecution of crime. You state that the requested information relates to a pending investigation. Accordingly, we find that release of the requested information would interfere with the detection, investigation, or prosecution of crime. See Houston Chronicle Publ'g Co. v. City of Houston, 531 S.W.2d 177 (Tex. Civ. App.--Houston [14th Dist.] 1975), writ ref'd n.r.e. per curiam, 536 S.W.2d 559 (Tex. 1976) (court delineates law enforcement interests that are present in active cases). Therefore, we conclude that the department may withhold the information under section 552.108(a)(1).
Section 552.108, however, is inapplicable to basic information about an arrested person, an arrest, or a crime. Gov't Code § 552.108(c). We believe such basic information refers to the information held to be public in Houston Chronicle Publishing Co. v. City of Houston, 531 S.W.2d 177 (Tex. Civ. App. --Houston [14th Dist.] 1975), writ ref'd n.r.e. per curiam, 536 S.W.2d 559 (Tex. 1976). You claim that the identity of the informer should not be released pursuant to the informer's privilege under section 552.101.(1) See Aguilar v. State, 444 S.W.2d 935, 937 (Tex. Crim. App. 1969); Open Records Decision Nos. 582 (1990), 515 (1988). The informer's privilege protects from disclosure the identity of an informant, provided that the subject of the information does not already know the informer's identity. Open Records Decision Nos. 515 at 3 (1998), 208 at 1-2 (1978). However, the informer's privilege does not categorically protect from release the identification and description of a complainant, which is front page offense report information generally considered public by Houston Chronicle. See Gov't Code § 552.108(c); Houston Chronicle Publ'g Co. v. City of Houston, 531 S.W.2d 177, 187 (Tex. Civ. App.--Houston [14th Dist.] 1975), writ ref'd n.r.e. per curiam, 536 S.W.2d 559 (Tex. 1976); Open Records Decision No. 127 (1976). The identity of a complainant, whether an "informant" or not, may only be withheld upon a showing that special circumstances exist. The incident report indicates that the "informant" was involved as a complainant. Thus, the identity of the complainant may only be withheld upon a showing that special circumstances exist.
We have addressed several special situations in which front page offense report information may be withheld from disclosure. For example, in Open Records Decision No. 366 (1983), this office agreed that the statutory predecessor to section 552.108 protected from disclosure information about an ongoing undercover narcotics operation, even though some of the information at issue was front page information contained in an arrest report. The police department explained how release of certain details would interfere with the undercover operation, which was ongoing and was expected to culminate in more arrests. Open Records Decision No. 366 (1983); see Open Records Decision No. 333 at 2 (1982); cf. Open Records Decision Nos. 393 (1983) (identifying information concerning victims of sexual assault), 339 (1982), 169 at 6-7 (1977), 123 (1976). Based upon the information provided to this office, we do not believe that you have shown special circumstances sufficient to overcome the presumption of public access to the complainant's identity. Consequently, we conclude that the department may not withhold the identity of the complainant based on the informer's privilege.
You also claim that the identity of the informer is excepted under newly enacted section 552.131 of the Government Code which applies to certain information held by a school district. See Act of May 30, 1999, 76th Leg., R.S., ch. 1335, § 6, 1999 Tex. Sess. Law Serv. 4543, 4545 (Vernon) (codified at Gov't Code § 552.131). Section 552.131(a) provides:
"Informer" means a student or former student or an employee or former employee of a school district who has furnished a report of another person's or persons' possible violation of criminal, civil, or regulatory law to the school district or the proper regulatory enforcement authority.
An informer's name or information that would substantially reveal the identity of an informer is excepted from disclosure. Id. You claim that section 552.131 applies to the community college as a result of section 130.084 of the Education Code. Section 130.084 provides as follows:
The board of trustees of junior college districts shall be governed in the establishment, management and control of the junior college by the general law governing the establishment, management and control of independent school districts insofar as the general law is applicable.
By its terms, section 130.084 affects only the authority of junior college trustees to direct a junior college. See San Antonio Union Junior College Dist. v. Daniel, 206 S.W.2d 995 (Tex. 1947). Thus, this office has applied section 130.084 and its predecessor to confer various school district powers on junior college trustees. See, e.g., Attorney General Opinions DM-178 (1992) (power to borrow money secured by delinquent maintenance tax revenues under Educ. Code § 20.45), M-878 (1971) (power to issue time warrants to repair, renovate, and equip school buildings under Educ. Code § 20.43), M-700 (1970) (power to exercise right of eminent domain under Educ. Code § 23.31). However, this office has found that section 21.355 of the Education Code, which provides for the confidentiality of teacher and administrator evaluations, does not bear on the trustees' direction of a junior college or confer power on those trustees. Likewise, we do not believe that section 552.131, which applies to school districts and confidentiality of informers, bears on the trustees' direction of a junior college or in any way confers power on those trustees. Thus, section 552.131 of the Government Code does not affect the authority of the junior college's trustees to direct the college. Therefore, we believe that section 552.131 of the Government Code is inapplicable to a community college through section 130.084 of the Education Code. Accordingly, the college may not withhold the informer's identity under section 552.131.
Thus, you must release the relevant front-page report information including the complainant's identity. We note that the complainant's telephone number, address, social security number, and driver's license number are generally not front page offense report information. See Open Records Decision No. 127 (1976). Thus, with the exception of the basic front page offense and arrest information, you may withhold the requested information from disclosure based on section 552.108(a)(1). We note that you have the discretion to release all or part of the remaining information that is not otherwise confidential by law. Gov't Code § 552.007.
This letter ruling is limited to the particular records at issue in this request and limited to the facts as presented to us; therefore, this ruling must not be relied upon as a previous determination regarding any other records or any other circumstances.
This ruling triggers important deadlines regarding the rights and responsibilities of the governmental body and of the requestor. For example, governmental bodies are prohibited from asking the attorney general to reconsider this ruling. Gov't Code § 552.301(f). If the governmental body wants to challenge this ruling, the governmental body must appeal by filing suit in Travis County within 30 calendar days. Id. § 552.324(b). In order to get the full benefit of such an appeal, the governmental body must file suit within 10 calendar days. Id. § 552.353(b)(3), (c). If the governmental body does not appeal this ruling and the governmental body does not comply with it, then both the requestor and the attorney general have the right to file suit against the governmental body to enforce this ruling. Id. § 552.321(a).
If this ruling requires the governmental body to release all or part of the requested information, the governmental body is responsible for taking the next step. Based on the statute, the attorney general expects that, within 10 calendar days of this ruling, the governmental body will do one of the following three things: 1) release the public records; 2) notify the requestor of the exact day, time, and place that copies of the records will be provided or that the records can be inspected; or 3) notify the requestor of the governmental body's intent to challenge this letter ruling in court. If the governmental body fails to do one of these three things within 10 calendar days of this ruling, then the requestor should report that failure to the attorney general's Open Government Hotline, toll free, at 877/673-6839. The requestor may also file a complaint with the district or county attorney. Id. § 552.3215(e).
If this ruling requires or permits the governmental body to withhold all or some of the requested information, the requestor can appeal that decision by suing the governmental body. Id. § 552.321(a); Texas Department of Public Safety v. Gilbreath, 842 S.W.2d 408, 411 (Tex. App.-Austin 1992, no writ).
If the governmental body, the requestor, or any other person has questions or comments about this ruling, they may contact our office. Although there is no statutory deadline for contacting us, the attorney general prefers to receive any comments within 10 calendar days of the date of this ruling.
Ref: ID# 131256
Encl. Submitted documents
cc: Mr. Roy E. Paz, Sr.
1. Section 552.101 excepts from disclosure "information considered to be confidential by law, either constitutional, statutory, or by judicial decision."
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