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John Cornyn

February 23, 2000

Ms. Tracy B. Calabrese
Senior Assistant City Attorney
City of Houston
P.O. Box 1562
Houston, Texas 77251-1562


Dear Ms. Calabrese:

You ask whether certain information is subject to required public disclosure under chapter 552 of the Government Code. Your request was assigned ID# 132528.

The City of Houston (the "city") received a request for "a list of city employees who filed workers' compensation claims between the dates of January 1, 1996 through December 31, 1998." The requestor additionally asks for the employees' social security numbers, addresses, dates of injury, claim numbers, and the name of the employees' treating doctor. You claim that the requested information is excepted from disclosure under sections 552.101 and 552.117 of the Government Code. We have considered the exceptions you claim and reviewed the representative sample you have submitted.(1)

You have submitted as Exhibit 2 a representative sample of a list of employees and related workers' compensation information. You claim the information in Exhibit 2 is excepted from disclosure pursuant to section 552.101 of the Government Code. Section 552.101 excepts from required public disclosure information considered to be confidential by law, including information made confidential by statute. You raise section 402.083(a) of the Labor Code, which reads as follows:

(a) Information in or derived from a claim file regarding an employee is confidential and may not be disclosed by the commission except as provided by this subtitle.

This provision makes confidential information in the Texas Workers' Compensation Commission's (the "commission") files. Section 402.086(a) of the Labor Code, which essentially transfers this confidentiality to information other parties obtain from the Texas Workers' Compensation Commission, reads as follows:

(a) Information relating to a claim that is confidential under this subtitle remains confidential when released to any person, except when used in court for the purposes of an appeal.

In Open Records Decision No. 533 (1989), our office determined that the predecessor to section 402.083 protects information received from the Industrial Accident Board (now the commission), but does not protect information possessed by a governmental entity that the entity has not received from the commission. You state that "the information at issue is maintained by the City and copies are provided to the Commission." Based on your representation, we do not believe such information is protected by section 402.083 of the Labor Code. Therefore, this information may not be withheld from disclosure pursuant to section 552.101 of the Government Code.

You also raise section 552.117 of the Government Code. Section 552.117 of the Government Code excepts from required public disclosure the home addresses, home telephone numbers, social security numbers, or information revealing whether a public employee has family members of public employees who request that this information be kept confidential under section 552.024. Therefore, section 552.117 requires you to withhold the information of an employee who requested that this information be kept confidential under section 552.024. See Open Records Decision Nos. 622 (1994), 455 (1987). You may not, however, withhold the information of a current or former employee who made the request for confidentiality under section 552.024 after this request for information was made. Whether a particular piece of information is public must be determined at the time the request for it is made. Open Records Decision No. 530 at 5 (1989). Similarly, section 552.117(2) excepts from public disclosure information that reveals a peace officer's home address, home telephone number, social security number, and whether the officer has family members. "Peace officer" is defined by article 2.12 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. The city must withhold the home address, social security numbers and family information of its officers under section 552.117(2) regardless of whether those officers elected under section 552.024 to have this information withheld.

If the employees who are not peace officers have not made the section 552.024 election to keep their section 552.117 information confidential, their social security numbers may nevertheless be confidential under federal law. A social security number or "related record" may be excepted from disclosure under section 552.101 in conjunction with the 1990 amendments to the federal Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 405(c)(2)(C)(viii)(I). See Open Records Decision No. 622 (1994). These amendments make confidential social security numbers and related records that are obtained and maintained by a state agency or political subdivision of the state pursuant to any provision of law enacted on or after October 1, 1990. See id. We have no basis for concluding that any of the social security numbers in the file are confidential under section 405(c)(2)(C)(viii)(I), and, therefore, excepted from public disclosure under section 552.101 of the Public Information Act on the basis of that federal provision. We caution, however, that section 552.353 of the Public Information Act imposes criminal penalties for the release of confidential information. Prior to releasing any social security number information, you should ensure that no such information was obtained or is maintained by city pursuant to any provision of law enacted on or after October 1, 1990. Therefore, except for the information protected by section 552.117 or the federal Social Security Act, the requested information must be released.

This letter ruling is limited to the particular records at issue in this request and limited to the facts as presented to us; therefore, this ruling must not be relied upon as a previous determination regarding any other records or any other circumstances.

This ruling triggers important deadlines regarding the rights and responsibilities of the governmental body and of the requestor. For example, governmental bodies are prohibited from asking the attorney general to reconsider this ruling. Gov't Code 552.301(f). If the governmental body wants to challenge this ruling, the governmental body must appeal by filing suit in Travis County within 30 calendar days. Id. 552.324(b). In order to get the full benefit of such an appeal, the governmental body must file suit within 10 calendar days. Id. 552.353(b)(3), (c). If the governmental body does not appeal this ruling and the governmental body does not comply with it, then both the requestor and the attorney general have the right to file suit against the governmental body to enforce this ruling. Id. 552.321(a).

If this ruling requires the governmental body to release all or part of the requested information, the governmental body is responsible for taking the next step. Based on the statute, the attorney general expects that, within 10 calendar days of this ruling, the governmental body will do one of the following three things: 1) release the public records; 2) notify the requestor of the exact day, time, and place that copies of the records will be provided or that the records can be inspected; or 3) notify the requestor of the governmental body's intent to challenge this letter ruling in court. If the governmental body fails to do one of these three things within 10 calendar days of this ruling, then the requestor should report that failure to the attorney general's Open Government Hotline, toll free, at 877/673-6839. The requestor may also file a complaint with the district or county attorney. Id. 552.3215(e).

If this ruling requires or permits the governmental body to withhold all or some of the requested information, the requestor can appeal that decision by suing the governmental body. Id. 552.321(a); Texas Department of Public Safety v. Gilbreath, 842 S.W.2d 408, 411 (Tex. App.-Austin 1992, no writ).

If the governmental body, the requestor, or any other person has questions or comments about this ruling, they may contact our office. Although there is no statutory deadline for contacting us, the attorney general prefers to receive any comments within 10 calendar days of the date of this ruling.


Carla Gay Dickson
Assistant Attorney General
Open Records Division


Ref: ID# 132528

Encl. Submitted documents

cc: Mr. E.E. Horn
President and CEO
Managed Health Care
50 Briar Hollow, Suite 500
Houston, Texas 77027
(w/o enclosures)



1. In reaching our conclusion here, we assume that the "representative sample" of records submitted to this office is truly representative of the requested records as a whole. See Open Records Decision Nos. 499 (1988); 497 (1988). This open records letter does not reach, and therefore does not authorize the withholding of, any other requested records to the extent that those records contain substantially different types of information than that submitted to this office.

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