|Office of the Attorney General - State of Texas
October 18, 2000
Ms. Lamis A. Safa
Dear Ms. Safa:
You ask whether certain information is subject to required public disclosure under chapter 552 of the Government Code. Your request was assigned ID# 140992.
The Houston Police Department (the "department") received a request for incident numbers 046751800 and 013922900. You claim that the requested information is excepted from disclosure under sections 552.108 and 552.130 of the Government Code. We have considered the exception you claim and reviewed the submitted information.
Section 552.108, the "law enforcement exception," provides in part:
(a) [i]nformation held by a law enforcement agency or prosecutor that deals with the detection, investigation, or prosecution of crime is excepted from the requirements of 552.021 if: (1) release of the information would interfere with the detection, investigation or prosecution of crime; (2) it is information that deals with the detection, investigation, or prosecution of crime only in relation to an investigation that did not result in conviction or deferred adjudication; or (3) it is information that: (A) is prepared by an attorney representing the state in anticipation of or in the course of preparing for criminal litigation; or (B) reflects the mental impressions or legal reasoning of an attorney representing the state.
You inform us that the submitted offense reports pertain to cases that were cleared for lack of prosecution by the complainant, but should the complainant decide to proceed, the department will reopen the investigations. You further assert that the cases have not resulted in conviction or deferred adjudication, and that the statute of limitations on these cases has not yet run. Based on your representations and our review of the submitted reports, we find that the department has made a sufficient showing that the requested reports relate to cases which are still active. As the requested information relates to active investigations, we therefore find that release of this information would interfere with the detection, investigation, or prosecution of crime and thus, it is excepted from disclosure under section 552.108(a)(1). See Houston Chronicle Publ'g Co. v. City of Houston, 531 S.W.2d 177 (Tex. Civ. App.--Houston [14th Dist.] 1975), writ ref'd n.r.e. per curiam, 536 S.W.2d 559 (Tex. 1976) (court delineates law enforcement interests that are present in active cases). As we resolve your request under section 552.108(a)(1), we need not address your argument under section 552.130.
However, we note that "basic information about an arrested person, an arrest, or a crime" is not excepted from required public disclosure. Gov't Code § 552.108(c). Basic information is the type of information that is considered to be front page offense report information even if this information is not actually located on the front page of the offense report. See generally Houston Chronicle Publ'g Co. v. City of Houston, 531 S.W.3d 177 (Tex. Civ. App.--Houston [14th dist.] 1975), writ ref'd n.r.e. per curiam, 536 S.W.2d 559 (Tex. 1976); Open Records Decision No. 127 (1976).Thus, you must release basic information from the documents requested, with the following exception. Information tending to identify the victim of a sexual assault is private information that must be withheld. Gov't Code § 552.101 (excepts information made confidential by judicial decision and encompasses common law privacy); see Industrial Found. v. Texas Indus. Accident Bd., 540 S.W.2d 668 (Tex. 1976), cert. denied, 430 U.S. 931 (1977); Open Records Decision Nos. 393 (1983), 339 (1982). Thus, in incident report number 046751800, you must withhold any information that identifies the victim from basic information which must be released. In this case, such information would include, but not necessarily be limited to, the offense and a detailed description of the offense. You must release the remainder of the basic information pursuant to Houston Chronicle.
To summarize, you may withhold the requested incident reports under section 552.108(a)(1), with the exception of basic information. For incident report number 046751800, you must withhold any information that identifies the victim from basic information which must be released.
If this ruling requires or permits the governmental body to withhold all or some of the requested information, the requestor can appeal that decision by suing the governmental body. Id. § 552.321(a); Texas Department of Public Safety v. Gilbreath, 842 S.W.2d 408,411 (Tex. App.--Austin 1992, no writ).
Please remember that under the Act the release of information triggers certain procedures for costs and charges to the requestor. If records are released in compliance with this ruling, be sure that all charges for the information are at or below the legal amounts. Questions or complaints about over-charging must be directed to the General Services Commission at 512/475-2497.
Encl. Submitted documents
cc: Mr. Hector P. Sanchez