|Office of the Attorney General - State of Texas
November 6, 2000
Mr. Rider Scott
Dear Mr. Scott:
You ask whether certain information is subject to required public disclosure under chapter 552 of the Government Code. Your request was assigned ID# 140993.
The Denton County Road Utility District (the "district"), which you represent, received a request for fifty categories of information related to the creation and activities of the district. You have provided a representative sample of the responsive information.(1) You claim that the requested information is excepted from disclosure under section 552.103 of the Government Code. You also contend that responsive information may be withheld pursuant to section 552.232 of the Government Code. We have considered your claims and reviewed the submitted information.
Section 552.103(a), the "litigation exception," excepts from disclosure information relating to litigation to which the state or a political subdivision is or may be a party. To secure the protection of section 552.103(a), a governmental body has the burden of providing relevant facts and documents to show that (1) litigation is pending or reasonably anticipated, and (2) the information at issue is related to that litigation. University of Tex. Law Sch. v. Texas Legal Found., 958 S.W.2d 479, 481 (Tex. App.--Austin 1997, no pet.); Heard v. Houston Post Co., 684 S.W.2d 210 (Tex. App.--Houston [1st Dist.] 1984, writ ref'd n.r.e.). Further, to be excepted under section 552.103, the information must relate to litigation that is pending or reasonably anticipated on the date that the information was requested. Gov't Code § 552.103(c).
You represent that the district is a party in a lawsuit filed in the 298th Judicial District Court of Dallas County. You have provided pleadings and requests for discovery in this pending lawsuit. From our review of these materials we conclude that litigation was pending at the time that the request for information was received, and that the responsive information relates to that pending litigation. Therefore, you may withhold responsive information under section 552.103 of the Government Code, except as noted below.
You indicate that much of the responsive information has been provided to the requestor in the course of the pending litigation. Absent special circumstances, where the opposing party to the anticipated litigation has had access to the records at issue, no section 552.103(a) interest exists with respect to that information. Open Records Decision Nos. 349 (1982), 320 (1982). If the opposing parties in the anticipated litigation have seen or had access to any of the information in these records, there is no justification for now withholding that information from the requestor pursuant to section 552.103(a). However, you contend that "special circumstances" permit section 552.103 to except information which the opposing party in litigation has had access to in the discovery process, via application section 552.232 of the Government Code. This section provides:
(a) A governmental body that determines that a requestor has made a request for information for which the governmental body has previously furnished copies to the requestor or made copies available to the requestor on payment of applicable charges under Subchapter F, shall respond to the request, in relation to the information for which copies have been already furnished or made available, in accordance with this section, except that:
(1) this section does not prohibit the governmental body from furnishing the information or making the information available to the requestor again in accordance with the request; and
(2) the governmental body is not required to comply with this section in relation to information that the governmental body simply furnishes or makes available to the requestor again in accordance with the request.
(b) The governmental body shall certify to the requestor that copies of all or part of the requested information, as applicable, were previously furnished to the requestor or made available to the requestor on payment of applicable charges under Subchapter F. The certification must include:
(1) a description of the information for which copies have been previously furnished or made available to the requestor;
(2) the date that the governmental body received the requestor's original request for that information;
(3) the date that the governmental body previously furnished copies of or made available copies of the information to the requestor;
(4) a certification that no subsequent additions, deletions, or corrections have been made to that information; and
(5) the name, title, and signature of the officer for public information or the officer's agent making the certification.
(c) A charge may not be imposed for making and furnishing a certification required under Subsection (b).
(d) This section does not apply to information for which the governmental body has not previously furnished copies to the requestor or made copies available to the requestor on payment of applicable charges under Subchapter F. A request by the requestor for information for which copies have not previously been furnished or made available to the requestor, including information for which copies were not furnished or made available because the information was redacted from other information that was furnished or made available or because the information did not yet exist at the time of an earlier request, shall be treated in the same manner as any other request for information under this chapter.
This section allows a governmental body to certify that records have previously been provided to a requestor, rather than make those same records available to the same requestor in response to subsequent requests. We are of the opinion that this section applies only where a requestor has made previous requests for information under the Public Information Act. Here, information was previously provided in the course of discovery in litigation. Such production is not in response to a request made under the Public Information Act. As there is no indication that information was previously provided to this requestor in response to a
request made under the Public Information Act, we conclude that section 552.232 does not apply to the information responsive to the current request. Therefore, information to which the adverse party in litigation has had access must be released to the requestor.
This letter ruling is limited to the particular records at issue in this request and limited to the facts as presented to us; therefore, this ruling must not be relied upon as a previous determination regarding any other records or any other circumstances.
This ruling triggers important deadlines regarding the rights and responsibilities of the governmental body and of the requestor. For example, governmental bodies are prohibited from asking the attorney general to reconsider this ruling. Gov't Code § 552.301(f). If the governmental body wants to challenge this ruling, the governmental body must appeal by filing suit in Travis County within 30 calendar days. Id. § 552.324(b). In order to get the full benefit of such an appeal, the governmental body must file suit within 10 calendar days. Id. § 552.353(b)(3), (c). If the governmental body does not appeal this ruling and the governmental body does not comply with it, then both the requestor and the attorney general have the right to file suit against the governmental body to enforce this ruling. Id. § 552.321(a).
If this ruling requires the governmental body to release all or part of the requested information, the governmental body is responsible for taking the next step. Based on the statute, the attorney general expects that, within 10 calendar days of this ruling, the governmental body will do one of the following three things: 1) release the public records; 2) notify the requestor of the exact day, time, and place that copies of the records will be provided or that the records can be inspected; or 3) notify the requestor of the governmental body's intent to challenge this letter ruling in court. If the governmental body fails to do one of these three things within 10 calendar days of this ruling, then the requestor should report that failure to the attorney general's Open Government Hotline, toll free, at 877/673-6839. The requestor may also file a complaint with the district or county attorney. Id. § 552.3215(e).
If this ruling requires or permits the governmental body to withhold all or some of the requested information, the requestor can appeal that decision by suing the governmental body. Id. § 552.321(a); Texas Department of Public Safety v. Gilbreath, 842 S.W.2d 408,411 (Tex. App.--Austin 1992, no writ).
Please remember that under the Act the release of information triggers certain procedures for costs and charges to the requestor. If records are released in compliance with this ruling, be sure that all charges for the information are at or below the legal amounts. Questions or complaints about over-charging must be directed to the General Services Commission at 512/475-2497.
If the governmental body, the requestor, or any other person has questions or comments about this ruling, they may contact our office. Although there is no statutory deadline for contacting us, the attorney general prefers to receive any comments within 10 calendar days of the date of this ruling.
Michael Jay Burns
Ref: ID# 140993
Encl: Submitted documents
cc: Mr. E. Lawrence Vincent, Jr.
1. We assume that the "representative sample" of records submitted to this office is truly representative of the requested records as a whole. See Open Records Decision Nos. 499 (1988), 497 (1988). This open records letter does not reach, and therefore does not authorize the withholding of, any other requested records to the extent that those records contain substantially different types of information than that submitted to this office.
POST OFFICE BOX 12548, AUSTIN, TEXAS 78711-2548 TEL: (512) 463-2100 WEB: WWW.OAG.STATE.TX.US