|Office of the Attorney General - State of Texas
December 5, 2000
Ms. Elaine S. Hengen
Dear Ms. Hengen:
You ask whether certain information is subject to required public disclosure under chapter 552 of the Government Code. Your request was assigned ID# 141806.
The El Paso Police Department (the "department") received a request for complete copies of five different investigative files of the department's Internal Affairs Division. You claim that a portion of the requested information has been released, but that the remaining responsive information is excepted from disclosure under sections 552.103, 552.117 and 552.130 of the Government Code. We have considered the exceptions you claim and reviewed the representative sample of information submitted.(1)
Initially, we note that the Seventy-sixth Legislature amended section 552.022 of the Government Code to make certain information expressly public, and therefore not subject to discretionary exceptions to disclosure. Gov't Code § 552.022. Section 552.022 now states in relevant part:
(a) Without limiting the amount or kind of information that is public information under this chapter, the following categories of information are public information and are not excepted from required disclosure under this chapter unless they are expressly confidential under other law.
Gov't Code § 552.022. One such category of expressly public information under section 552.022 is "a completed report, audit, evaluation, or investigation made of, for, or by a governmental body, except as provided by [s]ection 552.108 . . . ." Gov't Code § 552.022(a)(1). The submitted documents are records related to completed investigations undertaken by the department's Internal Affairs Division. Therefore, as prescribed by section 552.022, the submitted information must be released to the requestor unless it is confidential under another law.
You argue that the bulk of the requested information is excepted from disclosure under section 552.103. Section 552.103, the "litigation exception," is a discretionary exception and not "other law" for purposes of section 552.022.(2)
Therefore, the department may not withhold the submitted information under section 552.103.
Section 552.117(2) excepts from required public disclosure information relating to the home address, home telephone number, and social security number of a peace officer as defined by article 2.12 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, as well as information that reveals whether the peace officer has family members. We note that many of the submitted documents contain information that is confidential under subsection 552.117(2), which we have marked. The department must withhold this information. However, we note that section 552.023 gives a person or a person's authorized representative a special right of access, beyond the right of the general public, to information held by a governmental body that relates to the person and that is protected from disclosure by laws intended to protect that person's privacy interest. Therefore, if you determine that the requestor is a representative of one of the officers whose information is excepted from disclosure under section 552.117(2), you must release that information to the requestor.
We next address your argument under section 552.130, which governs the release and use of information obtained from motor vehicle records. Section 552.130 provides in relevant part as follows:
(a) Information is excepted from the requirement of Section 552.021 if the information relates to:
(1) a motor vehicle operator's or driver's license or permit issued by an agency of this state; [or]
(2) a motor vehicle title or registration issued by an agency of this state[.]
The department must withhold driver's license and motor vehicle title and registration information under section 552.130. We have marked this information for your convenience.
To summarize, as the requested information consists of records related to several completed investigations, it is presumed public under section 552.022(a)(1), unless made confidential pursuant to other law. Section 552.103 is a discretionary exception, and not "other law" for purposes of section 552.022, and therefore the requested information may not be withheld under that section. However, the department must redact certain information made confidential by section 552.117(2) of the Government Code, as well as information made confidential under section 552.130.
This letter ruling is limited to the particular records at issue in this request and limited to the facts as presented to us; therefore, this ruling must not be relied upon as a previous determination regarding any other records or any other circumstances.
This ruling triggers important deadlines regarding the rights and responsibilities of the governmental body and of the requestor. For example, governmental bodies are prohibited from asking the attorney general to reconsider this ruling. Gov't Code § 552.301(f). If the governmental body wants to challenge this ruling, the governmental body must appeal by filing suit in Travis County within 30 calendar days. Id. § 552.324(b). In order to get the full benefit of such an appeal, the governmental body must file suit within 10 calendar days. Id. § 552.353(b)(3), (c). If the governmental body does not appeal this ruling and the governmental body does not comply with it, then both the requestor and the attorney general have the right to file suit against the governmental body to enforce this ruling. Id. § 552.321(a).
If this ruling requires the governmental body to release all or part of the requested information, the governmental body is responsible for taking the next step. Based on the statute, the attorney general expects that, within 10 calendar days of this ruling, the governmental body will do one of the following three things: 1) release the public records; 2) notify the requestor of the exact day, time, and place that copies of the records will be provided or that the records can be inspected; or 3) notify the requestor of the governmental body's intent to challenge this letter ruling in court. If the governmental body fails to do one of these three things within 10 calendar days of this ruling, then the requestor should report that failure to the attorney general's Open Government Hotline, toll free, at 877/673-6839. The requestor may also file a complaint with the district or county attorney. Id. § 552.3215(e).
If this ruling requires or permits the governmental body to withhold all or some of the requested information, the requestor can appeal that decision by suing the governmental body. Id. § 552.321(a); Texas Department of Public Safety v. Gilbreath, 842 S.W.2d 408,411 (Tex. App.--Austin 1992, no writ).
Please remember that under the Act the release of information triggers certain procedures for costs and charges to the requestor. If records are released in compliance with this ruling, be sure that all charges for the information are at or below the legal amounts. Questions or complaints about over-charging must be directed to Hadassah Schloss at the General Services Commission at 512/475-2497.
If the governmental body, the requestor, or any other person has questions or comments about this ruling, they may contact our office. Although there is no statutory deadline for contacting us, the attorney general prefers to receive any comments within 10 calendar days of the date of this ruling.
Michael A. Pearle
Ref: ID# 141806
Encl. Submitted documents
cc: Mr. Tom Barbee
1. 1We assume that the "representative samples" of records submitted to this office are truly representative of the requested records as a whole. See Open Records Decision Nos. 499 (1988), 497 (1988). This open records letter does not reach, and therefore does not authorize the withholding of, any other requested records to the extent that those records contain substantially different types of information than that submitted to this office.
2. 2Discretionary exceptions are intended to protect only the interests of the governmental body, as distinct from exceptions which are intended to protect information deemed confidential by law or the interests of third parties. See, e.g., Open Records Decision Nos. 630 at 4 (1994) (governmental body may waive attorney-client privilege, section 552.107(1)), 592 at 8 (1991) (governmental body may waive section 552.104, information relating to competition or bidding), 549 at 6 (1990) (governmental body may waive informer's privilege), 522 at 4 (1989) (discretionary exceptions in general). Discretionary exceptions therefore do not constitute "other law" that makes information confidential.
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