Office of the Attorney General
Honorable M. L. Brockette
Opinion No. H-1074
Re: May terms of school district trustees be changed from six years to three years?
Dear Mr. Brockette:
You have requested our opinion concerning the following questions:
(1) May a school district that has previously instituted a term of six years for its trustees under either general or special law of this state revert back to a term of three years by a majority vote of its trustees pursuant to subsection (b) of Section 23.13?
(2) If so, should trustees having unexpired terms as of the date of the election at which the three-year term is adopted continue to serve the unexpired portions of their six-year terms, or should one-, two-, or three- year terms for all seven trustees be drawn by lot as provided in subsection (c) of Section 23.13?
You advise that pursuant to former article 2774d, V.T.C.S., presently section 23.14 of the Education Code, the Board of Trustees of an independent school district adopted six year terms by a majority vote. Section 23.14 contains no language which would prevent the Board from revoking its adoption of six year terms. Cf. Education Code, s 23.11(f); See Attorney General Opinion H-266 (1974).
Section 23.13 of the Education Code provides in part:
(b) The term of trustees may be three (3) years in any independent district, other than a county-wide district in which the trustees, by a majority vote, adopt a three-year term and, at least 90 days prior to a regular election date, publish in a newspaper printed in the county in which the district is situated notice of the election and the terms for which the trustees are to be elected.
(c) Elections shall be held annually. At the first regular trustee election after the creation of the district or the adoption of the three-year term, as provided above, the seven trustees elected shall determine by lot the terms for which they are to serve, as follows: the three members drawing numbers 1, 2, and 3 shall serve for a term of one year; the two members drawing numbers 4 and 5 shall serve for a term of two years; and the two members drawing numbers 6 and 7 shall serve for a term of three years.
(d) Each year, following the first election, either three or two trustees shall be elected, the number depending upon that required to constitute a board of seven trustees.
Subsection (b) clearly authorizes 'any independent school district, other than a county-wide district' to adopt three year terms by majority vote of the trustees. Accordingly, in our opinion any independent school district other than a county-wide district may establish three year terms for trustees by majority vote of the board.
Your second question is whether all positions on the board must be filled at the next election following the adoption of three year terms. Subsection (c) of section 23.13 clearly contemplates that 'seven trustees' will be elected in such an election. Therefore, in our opinion all seven positions on the board must be filled in the next election following an adoption of three year terms. See Attorney General Opinions H-220 and H-219 (1974). The terms of those elected is governed by subsection (c) of section 23.13.
Any independent school district other than a county-wide district may adopt three year terms for trustees by majority vote of the board of trustees. All positions on the board must be filled in the next election pursuant to subsection (c) of section 23.13 of the Education Code.
Very truly yours,
John L. Hill
Attorney General of Texas
David M. Kendall
C. Robert Heath
Chairman Opinion Committee