Office of the Attorney General
State of Texas


November 30, 1981

Reed Quilliam
Executive Director
State Bar of Texas
14th Street and Colorado
Austin, Texas 78711

Opinion No. MW-400

Re: Construction of amendments to article 3923, V.T.C.S., enacted by Sixty-seventh Legislature

Dear Mr. Hanna:

You request our opinion as to the effect on article 3923, V.T.C.S., of two amendments enacted by the Sixty-seventh Legislature. You specifically ask whether Senate Bill No. 265 and Senate Bill No. 1165 may be reconciled so that full effect may be given to both.

Senate Bill No. 1165, enacted by the legislature on May 29, 1981, amended article 3923, V.T.C.S., by raising the fees, costs, and deposits to be received by the clerk of the supreme court. Senate Bill No. 265, enacted on June 2, 1981, amended numerous statutes to implement the constitutional amendment granting criminal appellate jurisdiction to the former courts of civil appeals. See Tex. Const. art. V, s 6. The majority of the amendments enacted by Senate Bill No. 265, including the amendment to article 3923, merely struck the word 'civil' from references to the court of civil appeals. This amendment to article 3923, V.T.C.S., reads in pertinent part:

(A) The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall receive the following fees and costs:

1. For the filing of records, applications, motions, briefs, and other necessary and proper papers; for the docketing and docket and minute book entries; for issuing notices, citations, processes, mandates; and for the performance of other proper and necessary clerical duties in cases before the court, he shall receive the fee set out opposite each class of the following cases:

(a) Application for writ of error.....$10.00

. . .

(e) Certified questions from the Court of Appeals to the Supreme Court........ 25.00

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., ch. 291, s 58, at 787. The provisions setting fees, costs, and deposits for the clerk of the supreme court were left unchanged from the law as it existed prior to amendment by Senate Bill No. 1165. Your question, then, is whether the enactment of Senate Bill No. 265 effectively leaves the article 3923 fees as they were, notwithstanding the enactment of Senate Bill No. 1165.

Amendments to the same statute, and in particular amendments enacted at the same session of the legislature, will be construed in harmony if at all possible. Wright v. Broeter, 196 S.W.2d 82 (Tex. 1946). In construing any statute, the courts will seek to effectuate the intent of the legislature and not to defeat it. Brazos River Conservation and Reclamation District v. Costello, 143 S.W.2d 577 (Tex. 1940). The controlling intent expressed in Senate Bill No. 1165 was to increase the fees, costs, and deposits to be received by the clerk of the supreme court, while the legislative intent underlying Senate Bill No. 265 was to change the designation of the courts of civil appeals to 'court of appeals.' In amending article 3923, the legislature was required by article III, section 36 of the Texas Constitution to reenact and publish at length the section amended. See State Highway Department v. Gorham, 162 S.W.2d 934 (Tex. 1942). We believe the legislature republished the prior fee schedule in order to satisfy the requirements of article III, section 36 and not to nullify its enactment of Senate Bill No. 1165. The two amendments to article 3923, V.T.C.S., can be harmonized and given effect when the purpose of each is understood. In our opinion, the fees, deposits and costs established by Senate Bill No. 1165 are now in effect.


The costs and deposits set out in Senate Bill No. 1165 amending article 3923, V.T.C.S., are in effect and were not impliedly repealed by Senate Bill No. 265.

      Very truly yours,

      White signature

      Mark White
      Attorney General of Texas

      John W. Fainter, Jr.
      First Assistant Attorney General

      Richard E. Gray III
      Executive Assistant Attorney General

      Prepared by Susan L. Garrison
      Assistant Attorney General

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