Office of the Attorney General
Honorable John R. MacLean
Opinion No. MW-401
Re: Resignations of council members for general law city
You have asked if the city council of a city incorporated under the general laws of this state may refuse to accept resignations from two council members at the same time in order to avoid holding an election.
You advise that the city secretary of the city of Alvarado, a general law city, received resignations from two members of the city council, after which neither member submitting a resignation attended council meetings. The remaining members of the council accepted one of the resignations, but refused to accept the other until a replacement for the one whose resignation was accepted had been appointed and qualified. The purported reason for refusing to accept both resignations at the same time was to avoid two simultaneous vacancies on the council and the necessity of holding an election to fill them.
As amended in 1965, article 989, V.T.C.S., provides that if no more than one vacancy exists on the city council of a general law city, it may be filled by appointment by a majority of the remaining council members. But if two or more vacancies on the city council exist at the same time, a special election must be called to fill the vacancy.
In this case, article 1005, V.T.C.S., provides in pertinent part:
Resignation by any officer authorized by this title [Title 28, Cities, Towns, and Villages] to be elected or appointed shall be made to the city council in writing, subject to their approval and acceptance. (Emphasis added.)
In our opinion the Alvarado City Council was free to act on one resignation and not the other, if it so chose. Nothing in the law required the council to accept either member's resignation, whatever its motive for refusal might be. See generally Sawyer v. City of San Antonio, 234 S.W.2d 398 (Tex. 1950); Tobin v. Valerio, 309 S.W.2d 479 (Tex. Civ. App.--San Antonio 1958, writ ref'd). Cf. State v. Valentine, 198 S.W. 1006 (Tex. Civ. App. -- Fort Worth 1917, writ ref'd); Gambill v. City of Denton, 215 S.W.2d 389 (Tex. Civ. App.--Fort Worth 1948, writ dism'd).
The city council of a general law city may refuse to accept one of two resignations submitted by council members in order to avoid the necessity of holding an holding an election to fill vacancies.
Very truly yours,
Attorney General of Texas
John W. Fainter, Jr.
First Assistant Attorney General
Richard E. Gray III
Executive Assistant Attorney General
Prepared by Bruce Youngblood
Assistant Attorney General