Office of the Attorney General
J. C. Littrell, DPM
Opinion No. MW-435
Re: Whether podiatrist may administer nitrous oxide to patients
Dear Dr. Littrell:
You have inquired as to whether a licensed podiatrist may administer nitrous oxide to patients in connection with his practice. Nitrous oxide, also known as 'laughing gas,' is used as an anesthetic.
Articles 4567c and 4573, V.T.C.S., address this issue. As originally enacted, the predecessor of article 4567c read as follows:
No chiropodist shall amputate the human foot or toe or toes or use any anesthetic other than local.
Acts 1923, 38th Leg., ch. 169, s 2, at 357. This article was amended in 1951 to delete the words 'or use any anesthetic other than local.' Acts 1951, 52nd Leg., ch. 132, at 224. It appears that by this amendment the legislature intended to allow podiatrists to use general anesthetics. See V.T.C.S. art. 4567a (changing word 'chiropodist' to 'podiatrist' in licensing act). This conclusion is bolstered by the legislature's amendment of article 4573, V.T.C.S., in 1971. Prior to 1971, article 4573 read as follows:
The board may, after due hearing, refuse to grant or renew and may revoke any license issued under the provisions of this law to a person, otherwise qualified, . . . who may be convicted of amputating the human foot or toe or of using an anesthetic other than local. . . .
V.T.C.S. art. 4573 (1925). The 1971 amendment deleted the words 'or of using an anesthetic other than local' from this statute. Based on these amendments, we conclude that a licensed podiatrist may administer nitrous oxide to patients in connection with his practice. However, persons who administer anesthetics such as nitrous oxide are subject to liability for injuries caused a patient by their negligent administration thereof. See generally Webb v. Jorns, 488 S.W.2d 407 (Tex. 1972).
A licensed podiatrist may administer nitrous oxide to patients in connection with his practice.
Very truly yours,
Attorney General of Texas
John W. Fainter, Jr.
First Assistant Attorney General
Richard E. Gray III
Executive Assistant Attorney General
Prepared by Roxanne Caperton & Susan L. Garrison
Assistant Attorneys General